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remember! Causes of molten iron leakage in induction melting furnace! Can save lives at critical moments!

remember! Causes of molten iron leakage in induction melting furnace! Can save lives at critical moments!

A common accident in the furnace body of an induction melting furnace is leaking through the furnace. If there is an accident, if no measures are taken, it will cause the copper tube of the coil to rupture, and the molten iron and the coolant will explode. s reason:

1. Quality factors of materials used in furnace construction

Quartz acid furnace lining materials are generally used. The silicon content of quartz sand and quartz powder should be above 99.5%, with oily crystals, transparent and free of impurities. Generally use high-purity quartz sand (silicon content 99.85%, hardness 8, density 2.65, refractoriness 1850 degrees) produced by Xingchen Refractory Materials Co., Ltd. in Yima City, Henan Province.

2. Binder factors used in furnace construction

Traditional furnace building methods generally use boric acid as a binder. Boric acid has both advantages and disadvantages: the advantage is that the bonding is fast at low temperature, and usually starts to bond at 600-700 degrees; the disadvantage is that it is not resistant to high temperature and erosion. Under high temperature conditions, the lower part of the furnace wall will appear to be hot, so The use of heat is greatly reduced. It is recommended to use boric anhydride instead of boric acid as the binder, because boric anhydride has the characteristics of high temperature bonding, high melting point, high temperature resistance, and erosion resistance.

3. The ratio of materials used in furnace construction

Generally, users make their own preparations. During the preparation process, workers do not operate according to the correct ratio. The prepared furnace lining material is uneven and the density is insufficient, resulting in a short furnace lining life, which is generally about 40-50 furnaces. It is recommended to use the finished furnace lining material prepared by a professional manufacturer of furnace lining material. Features: Consistent ratio, uniform mixing, high density, and the service life of the furnace lining is significantly higher than 1-2 times of the artificially adjusted furnace lining material.

4. Site factors for modulating furnace lining materials

Usually, users do not have a dedicated preparation site when preparing the furnace lining, and iron pins, iron beans and other sundries are easily mixed in the process of preparing the furnace lining, which greatly reduces the number of heats. It is recommended to use the lining material produced by a manufacturer specializing in the production of lining material. Features: With a professional production workshop, there are no iron pins, iron beans and other sundries.

Five, raw material factors

At this stage, raw materials are in short supply and prices are rising. In order to reduce costs, some companies purchase raw materials at low prices, such as iron beans, iron sales, and washing materials, which contain impurities, which greatly erode the furnace lining and significantly shorten the service life.

Sixth, the induction melting furnace’s own factors

The induction melting furnace is composed of charging materials and induction coils. The furnace shell is divided into two parts, with 8 stainless steel screws and several asbestos pads between them. The 8 stainless steel screws cannot be loosened during use, and asbestos pads are indispensable. If the screws are loose, the furnace shell will be twisted back and forth when the molten iron is tapped, and the induction coil will be twisted, causing the furnace lining to loosen and crack, so that the molten iron can seep through the furnace. Solution: Replace the asbestos pad and tighten 8 screws.

Seven, induction coil factors

The induction coil is made of a copper tube wound into several turns, each with 5-8 copper screws, and insulated bakelite connection. There is no shortage of screws on the copper ring during use. Once the induction coil is lacking, electromagnetic vibration will be generated, which will continuously hit the furnace lining material, which will loosen the furnace lining material and cause cracks, causing molten iron to seep through the furnace.

Eight, insulating bakelite factors

The insulating bakelite is connected between the coils of the induction coil, and the insulating bakelite supports the weight of the entire induction coil, furnace lining material and molten iron when the molten iron is out of the furnace. Once it cannot support the weight it bears, the insulating bakelite will bend, and the furnace lining will also become loose at this time. Cracks appear mainly at the joint between the bottom of the furnace wall and the bottom of the furnace, causing molten iron to seep out, and eventually “furnace penetration”. Solution: Use refractory bricks between each insulated bakelite and the furnace shell, so that the furnace shell and the induction coil form a whole, thereby increasing the stability of the induction coil and increasing the number of furnace lining materials used.

Nine, the gap factor between the furnace shell and the induction coil

Most of the induction melting furnaces used by manufacturers are standard 0.5 ton, 0.75 ton, 1 ton, 1.5 ton, 2 ton, 3 ton… However, in order to increase production capacity, some manufacturers increase the induction coil. From 0.5 ton to 0.75 ton, 0.75 ton becomes 1 ton. The gap between the induction coil and the furnace shell becomes smaller, and the induction coil and the furnace shell form a larger magnetic field source during the smelting process, which consumes both furnace lining materials and electricity. Solution: Replace with a standard induction melting furnace (the gap between the induction coil and the furnace shell is generally 250mm-300mm).

10. Factors of furnace wall thickness for induction melting furnace

The thickness of the normal furnace wall is 90mm-120mm, and the thickness of the furnace bottom is 200mm-280mm. However, in order to expand production, some manufacturers increase the furnace wall thickness to make the thickness of the furnace wall thinner. The thickness of the furnace wall is reduced to 40mm-70mm, and the thickness of the furnace bottom is reduced. It is 150mm-200mm. This is undesirable, and the furnace must be built according to the normal wall thickness to obtain stable and high yield.